Introduction: Allergy is a disorder of immune system that is often called atopy. Allergic reactions occur to environmental substances known as allergens.

Genes and environment both are responsible for causing allergic reaction. Normally our immune system fights germs but in case of allergy our body responds to a false alarm.

Pollen, pet danders are harmless substances but if our body mistakes them as germs and responds then you get an allergic reaction. It occurs when the body's immune system overreacts to normally harmless substances.

It is seen only in certain people and hence such people are called allergic or atopic. People who are more prone to allergies are called atopic individuals. For e.g. when you are cleaning the house, some new relative who has just arrived to be with you for a few days starts sneezing, the moment you start dusting and cleaning whereas the other people in the house do not have any symptoms which means that the your new relative is allergic to dust.

Allergies can cause runny nose, sneezing, swelling, itching, rashes or asthma. It is characterised by excessive activation of certain white blood cells called mast cells and basophils by a type of antibody called as IgE which results in inflammatory response.IgE is an antibody which is present in everyone in small amounts. Allergic persons, however, produce IgE in large quantities.

There are three stages to the allergic response: The first stage is called as sensitization where the immune system encounters the foreign substance and identifies it as an invader. It then prompts the immune system to recognize this invader as an enemy that needs to be destroyed in future. The subsequent stages are mast cell activation, and prolonged immune activation.

The role of homeopathy lies in the fact that it can bring back the lost balance in the human body when it is in a diseased state.
Homeopathic remedies act at the psycho neuro endocrinal axis. In other words it stimulates the human body which in turn will take care of the disease.
The right homeopathic remedy prescribed on the totality of the symptoms will help in relieving the allergies. It will also improve the overall health of the person.

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